Chlamydia Screening

Chlamydia is the most common notifiable disease in the U.S. with nearly 1.5 million cases reported to the CDC in 2015. Chlamydia infection rates are especially high among sexually active women 24 years and younger. Chlamydial infections in women are usually asymptomatic. Untreated infection can result in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is a major cause of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. 

CDC recommends annual chlamydia screening for all women “younger than 25 years, as well as older women with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.” Despite this recommendation, routine screening is infrequent -- less than half of at-risk women under 25 years old who are enrolled in health plans get tested for chlamydia.

Using the Performance Measure for Quality Improvement

Resources to Increase Screening Rates